From M-W Unabridged:
pho·bia /’fōbēə/ noun -s
Etymology: New Latin, from Late Latin -phobia
Etymology: fear of something, from Greek, from phobos fear, flight + -ia -y; akin to Greek phebesthai to flee, be frightened, Lithuanian bėgti to run, flee
: an exaggerated and often disabling fear usually inexplicable to the subject, having occasionally a logical but usually an illogical or symbolic object, and serving to protect the ego against anxiety arising from unexpressed aggressive impulses — compare COMPULSION, OBSESSION
This article is about the clinical psychology. For other uses, see Phobia (disambiguation).
In clinical psychology, a phobia is a type of anxiety disorder, usually defined as a persistent fear of an object or situation in which the sufferer commits to great lengths in avoiding, typically disproportional to the actual danger posed, often being recognized as irrational. In the event the phobia cannot be avoided entirely, the sufferer will endure the situation or object with marked distress and significant interference in social or occupational activities.
From “Is ‘Islamophobia’ Real?” in Atlantic
“Islam is not a race, ethnicity, or nationality: It’s a set of ideas,” Harris told me. “Criticism of these ideas should never be confused with an animus toward people. And yet it is. I’m convinced that this is often done consciously, strategically, and quite cynically as a means of shutting down conversation [on] important topics.”
I get very anxious in a crowded situations. I want to escape the situation, but I’m not about to go and destroy elevators, let alone people. Or advocate banning public transportation. Phobic? Yes. Anti? No.
Now for dessert:
Is atheism anti-theistic or theophobic? Extend to other beliefs. (Ignore anti-believing and belief-phobic atheists, they are harmless.)